How To Make Obsidian in Minecraft

When mining for Obsidian in Minecraft, a Diamond Pickaxe is typically required. Instead of using a Diamond Pickaxe, you can manufacture your own Obsidian tools out of lava and water. You can do it with just a bucket.

Obsidian: It’s more than just a cool-sounding name or an aesthetic block in your Minecraft world. This black, glossy block holds a myriad of uses and secrets that both novice and seasoned Minecraft players will find intriguing.

How To Make Obsidian in Minecraft

This SEO-optimized guide explores what Obsidian is in Minecraft, its benefits, uses, and addresses questions like its rarity, alternative methods to obtain it, and whether it’s free.

What is Obsidian in Minecraft?

Obsidian is a unique block in the Minecraft universe, created when water flows onto a lava source block. Recognized by its deep black color and glossy texture, Obsidian is known for its robustness and durability. With a hardness level that far surpasses other in-game blocks, it takes a while to mine, even with a diamond pickaxe.

Prerequisites for Creating Obsidian

To begin, you’ll need a Bucket; multiple Buckets, ideally, for maximum effectiveness. The quickest and easiest approach would require only 2 buckets. But a lava source block is the most crucial item for crafting Obsidian blocks.

Unlike flowing lava, which is impossible to gather with a Bucket, this kind of lava can be scooped up. Last but not least, an Obsidian Water Bucket is required to cool the lava.


Remember that the Diamond or Netherite Pickaxe is required to mine for Obsidian. Obsidian Blocks can be broken with any pickaxe, but they won’t drop anything useful until you use an Obsidian Pickaxe.

Remember that in order to transform a source lava block into Obsidian, you must first get water to flow over it. Cobblestone can be created by dumping a water source block onto a lava source block. Cobblestone can also be created when water flows across hot lava.

Obsidian Block Construction Procedures

Step 1. Toss in a lava block or two as a heat source.

Step 2. Put a water bucket to the ground nearby, but not on top of any lava bricks.

Step 3. Collect the water source block in your Bucket once the lava is transformed into Obsidian by the moving water.

Step 4. Obsidian may be mined using a diamond or netherite pickaxe.

Lava and Water: The Perfect Ingredients for a Portal to the Underworld

Obsidian can be used in place of a Diamond or Netherite Pickaxe if you’re determined to create a Portal to the Nether. Following the above procedures will automatically generate each block.

Before attempting to pour running water over lava, make sure each source block is safely contained in Cobblestone. The minimum dimensions for a Nether Portal are 4 blocks in length and 5 blocks in height; corners are optional. Due to this, you just need 10 Obsidian to create a Nether Portal.

Alternatives to Mining for Obsidian

Obsidian can sometimes be found in the Village Chests that the Weaponsmith uses as a part of his arsenal. Each such Chest has a 25.6% chance of containing between 3 and 7 Obsidian blocks. The only way to obtain Obsidian without mining is to travel to the Nether or the End, however there are other methods.

The Nether is the superior of the two worlds for obtaining the necessary materials for crafting obsidian. Consequently, the most efficient means of farming Obsidian is, curiously enough, to construct a Nether Portal from various pieces of Obsidian.

What to Do If You Need a Vast Amount of Obsidian in a Hurry

Although lava is most commonly found below, it can be seen on the surface of the world on occasion. However, there are genuine lakes of lava in the Nether. Therefore, if you need a lot of lava quickly, one option is to travel to the Nether with a lot of empty Buckets, locate the nearest lava lake, and fill up on the orange resource.

Creating a well-organized path for this will allow you to bring a large number of Lava Buckets into your base without risking them falling through your Nether Portal.

Benefits of Obsidian in Minecraft


  • Obsidian blocks are explosion-resistant, making them ideal for fortifying bases against creeper and TNT attacks.

Crafting Special Blocks

  • Obsidian is a primary ingredient for crafting special blocks like the enchantment table and the Ender Chest, both of which have vital uses.

Nether Portals

  • Obsidian blocks are essential for building a Nether portal, the gateway to the Nether dimension filled with unique resources and enemies.

Aesthetic Appeal

  • Its unique look makes it a popular choice for creative architectural designs.

What is Obsidian Used For in Minecraft?

  1. Enchantment Tables: Crafting an enchantment table requires a book, two diamonds, and four obsidian blocks.
  2. Ender Chests: These special chests require an eye of ender and eight obsidian blocks. Items stored in one Ender Chest can be accessed from any other in the world.
  3. Nether Portals: A frame built from obsidian blocks can be ignited with a flint and steel to create a portal to the Nether.
  4. Beacons: Obsidian can be used as the base for a beacon, although this is less common due to the material’s rarity.

Can You Buy Obsidian in Minecraft?

In vanilla Minecraft, Obsidian is not available for purchase from villagers or other in-game NPCs. However, various Minecraft mods and servers offer shops where you can exchange in-game currency or resources for obsidian blocks.

How Do You Make Obsidian Without Mining?

Creating obsidian without mining involves strategic placement of water and lava blocks. Here are some methods:

  1. Water Bucket Method: Place a water source block next to a lava source block using a water bucket. The lava turns into obsidian instantly.
  2. Piston Method: Use a piston to push a water block onto a lava source, turning it into obsidian.

Is Obsidian Rare to Find?

Obsidian itself isn’t rare but requires specific conditions to form. It’s commonly found in the underground “lava lakes” but can also form anywhere water meets a lava source block. The rarity lies more in its specific creation conditions rather than its abundance.

Is Obsidian Fully Free?

Yes, obsidian is fully free in the sense that it doesn’t require any in-game purchases or real-world money. However, you do need to invest time and resources, like a diamond or netherite pickaxe, to mine it effectively.


Obsidian in Minecraft is not just a durable block but also a gateway to advanced gameplay elements like enchanting and inter-dimensional travel. While not purchasable in the base game, various methods allow players to create or obtain this unique block.

Its benefits range from base fortification to crafting essential items, making it a valuable resource for both new and experienced players. So, the next time you come across this enigmatic, black block, you’ll know exactly how to use it to your advantage.